How does a robot palletizer work?

Robot stacking is a high-performance automated equipment used to automatically grab, transport, and stack various packaged materials (such as boxes, bags, pallets, etc.) on the production line, and neatly stack them on pallets according to specific stacking modes. The working principle of a robotic palletizer mainly includes the following steps:

1. Material receiving and warehousing:

The packaged materials are transported to the stacking robot area through the conveyor on the production line. Usually, the materials are sorted, oriented, and positioned to ensure accurate and accurate entry into the robot's working range.

2. Detection and positioning:

The palletizing robot recognizes and locates the position, shape, and status of materials through built-in visual systems, photoelectric sensors, or other detection devices, ensuring accurate grasping.

3. Grasping materials:

According to the different characteristics of materials, the palletizing robot is equipped with adaptive fixtures, such as suction cups, grippers, or combination grippers, which can firmly and accurately grasp various types of packaging boxes or bags. The fixture, driven by a servo motor, moves precisely above the material and performs a gripping action.


4. Material handling:

After grabbing the material, the palletizing robot utilizes its multi joint robotic arm (usually a four axis, five axis, or even six axis structure) to lift the material from the conveyor line and transport it to the predetermined palletizing position through complex motion control algorithms.

5. Stacking and placement:

Under the guidance of computer programs, the robot places materials on pallets one by one according to the preset stacking mode. For each layer placed, the robot adjusts its posture and position according to the set rules to ensure stable and neat stacking.

6. Layer control and tray replacement:

When the palletizing reaches a certain number of layers, the robot will complete the palletizing of the current batch according to program instructions, and may then trigger a tray replacement mechanism to remove the pallets filled with materials, replace them with new pallets, and continue palletizing.

7. Circular homework:

The above steps continue to cycle until all materials have been stacked. Finally, pallets filled with materials will be pushed out of the stacking area for forklift and other handling tools to transport to the warehouse or other subsequent processes.

In summary, the palletizing robot combines various technological means such as precision machinery, electrical transmission, sensor technology, visual recognition, and advanced control algorithms to achieve automation of material handling and palletizing, significantly improving production efficiency and accuracy of warehouse management, while also reducing labor intensity and labor costs.

Post time: Apr-15-2024